The Health Workforce in New York, 2009: Trends in the Supply of and Demand for Health Workers
The Center routinely monitors annual health care employment patterns and other indicators of the supply of and demand for health workers by occupation and by setting in New York. The most recent report of this research, based primarily on 2009 data, has just been released. A regional analysis of primary care capacity is included in the report. Health sector employment continues to be a vital part of New York’s economy. However, health care providers across the state reported recruitment and retention difficulties for a wide array of health care professionals and paraprofessionals. Providers in all settings and regions cited persistent problems recruiting and retaining experienced registered nurses (RNs), but much less difficulty finding newly-trained RNs. Download the report here: http://www.chwsny.org/archive/uploads/2012/07/nytracking2011.pdf.
Residency Training Outcomes in New York, 2010
The Center conducts an annual survey of all physicians completing a residency or fellowship training program in New York in order to better understand demand for new physicians and the outcomes of training. A key finding from the 2010 survey was that demand for primary care physicians was stronger than demand for specialists on a number of key indicators including ease of finding a job and changes in median starting income. Also, only 44% of newly-trained physicians reported plans to practice in New York. The in-state retention of new physicians has been declining in recent years and this year was the lowest since the survey began. The two most common reasons cited by newly-trained physicians to leave New York were proximity to family (31%) and better jobs in desired locations outside of New York (12%). View the full report: http://www.chwsny.org/archive/uploads/2012/07/nyexit2011.pdf.
New York Registered Nursing Graduations, 1996-2011
The Center annually surveys deans and directors of New York’s nursing education programs to better understand trends that affect the supply of RNs in the state. The most recent survey was conducted from the fall of 2010 through the spring of 2011. RN graduations in New York increased in 2010, rising by nearly 250 or almost 3% over 2009. However, the vast majority of additional graduates were existing RNs completing bachelor’s degrees in nursing. Nursing deans continue to report a weak job market for their graduates, with only 25% of deans and directors reporting “many jobs” for newly-trained RNs. This is in stark contrast to previous years, when over 90% of deans and directors reported “many jobs” for newly-trained RNs. Download the report here: http://www.chwsny.org/archive/uploads/2012/07/nursinged2011.pdf.
Research Brief: A Profile of Active Dental Hygienists in New York
In 2010, there were approximately 10,000 licensed dental hygienists in New York. In September 2007, the Center, with support from the New York State Departments of Health and Education, began conducting a survey of dental hygienists at the time of license renewal. Between September 2007 and September 2010, 5,388 surveys were completed, representing 53% of the licensed dental hygienists in the state. Over 94% of the survey respondents reported actively working in dental hygiene, while 4% reported being retired. This research brief presents information about active dental hygienists in New York, including demographic, educational, and practice characteristics. Notably, survey data showed wide regional variation in the distribution of dental hygienists per capita in the state as well as in the ratio of dental hygienists to dentists. Download the research brief here: http://www.chwsny.org/archive/uploads/2012/07/nyhygienist2011.pdf.
The Community Health Center Workforce in New York
To better understand the health workforce of community health centers (CHCs), the Center conducted a survey of the CHC workforce in New York. This report describes findings from the survey, including the composition of the CHC workforce as well as the most pressing recruitment and retention issues faced by these providers. The health care workers employed in the greatest numbers by CHCs were medical assistants, licensed practical nurses, family physicians, RNs, dental assistants, and nurse practitioners. CHCs reported the most recruitment difficulty for psychiatrists, obstetricians/gynecologists, geriatric and psychiatric nurse practitioners, and dentists. Occupations with relatively little recruitment difficulty included dental assistants and medical assistants. Download the report here: http://www.chwsny.org/archive/uploads/2012/07/chc2011.pdf.
Work in Progress…
Certified Asthma Educator Workforce Study
The Center, in cooperation with the NYS Department of Health, Bureau of Community Chronic Disease Prevention and representatives of several of the state’s regional asthma coalitions, is conducting research to better understand the asthma educator workforce. The study includes stakeholder interviews, a survey of all currently certified asthma educators in the state, and a survey of providers of asthma services. A report of findings from the survey of asthma educators is expected to be released later this year.
Dayna Maniccia, senior research associate at the Center, and her colleagues published an article titled, A Meta-analysis of Interventions that Target Children’s Screen Time for Reduction, in the journal Pediatrics. The study was a systematic literature review and meta-analysis of interventions that aimed to reduce the amount of time children spend in screen time related activities (i.e., using a computer for non-academic purposes or watching television). Overall, the interventions included in the analysis had a small but statistically significant effect – children’s screen time was reduced at the end of the intervention period.
Maniccia DM, Davison KK, Marshall SJ, Manganello JA and Dennison BA. A Meta-analysis of Interventions that Target Children’s Screen Time for Reduction. Pediatrics 2011 Jul;128(1):e193-210.
David Armstrong, a research associate at the Center, gave a presentation titled “Comprehensive Primary Care Assessment of New York” at the Association of American Medical Colleges’ 7th Annual Physician Workforce Research Conference held May 5th and 6th in National Harbor, MD. This presentation was based on a research study to develop a statewide set of primary care service areas in New York using patient commuting patterns and determine whether those service areas have adequate primary care capacity. A final report of this research study is expected to be released by the end of the year.
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